( American Counseling Association, 2014, p. 3) Analysis of Ethics Violations. No specific ethical decision-making model is always most effective, so counselors are expected to use a credible model of decision making that can bear public scrutiny of its application. Start studying Chapter 4 - Factors Affecting Ethical Decision Making. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Utilizing the ethical principles of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, fidelity, justice, and paternalism as outlined by the American Nurses Association (ANA) provides us with a firm foundation for ethical decision making. While there is no ethical decision-making model that is most effective, counselors are expected to be familiar with a credible model of decision making that can bear public scrutiny and its application.